Egg donation can help women that cannot produce fertile eggs themselves neither naturally or through artificial fertilization.
Who can donate eggs?
All healthy women can donate eggs whether they are undergoing IVF treatment or not. A donor must:
- Be 35 years or younger.
- Be healthy both physically and mentally.
- Test negative for HIV, Hepatitis, syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia.
Donating women undergoing IVF treatment must have a sufficient number of eggs removed for themselves so that it is possible to transfer 2-3 embryos. Donating women must be provided with oral and written information about the consequences of egg donation and must sign a formal statement that this has been given.
Treatment of the recieving woman
The recieving woman will have to be treated with natural female hormones when donor eggs are being used. This requires that she is in constant treatment as it is not possible to know when donor eggs will become available.
Requirements regarding egg donation
The requirements of the recieving couple are not regulated by law, but are guided by:
- The couple - their situation and the woman's health condition regarding the completion of the pregnancy and birth.
- The egg donor who may have a certain couple that she wishes to help.
Treatment of missing ovulation
We deregulate the woman's pituitary gland to make the ovaries enter a state of rest. Daily hormone supplements are then given with estradiol tablets for 5-6 weeks at a time. If no eggs for donation have been released within that period a menstruation hormone is given to force a bleeding. The pituitary gland will remain deregulated. On the 2nd or 3rd day of bleeding the patient can restart treatment with estradiol supplements, or supplements with estradiol are given without deregulation and in a dosis sufficiently high to make the uterine mucosa ready for the egg. This treatment is standard here in the clinic.
Treatment in case of normal ovulation
For women with normal ovulation the treatment is done in a natural cycle. During transfer progesterone supplements are given. This is taken until the 12th week of pregnancy.
Waiting time for egg donation
There is generally a shortage of eggs for donation and the waiting time can therefore be relatively long. The current wait time is about a year. You can read about the possibility of egg donations without waiting time outside of Denmark here.